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File AvailableWeber, M. 1904 Die Saugetiere: Einfuhrung in die Anatomie und Systematik der recenten und fossilen Mammalia. Jena, Gustav Fischer, pp. i-xii, 1-806
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Morphology - Skull
Sumatran Rhino
genus Dicerorhinus: molars brachyodont, without cement. Ectoloph bend upwards with a large Parastyl.
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File AvailableNehring, A. 1901 Ein Schaedel des Rhinoceros simus im Naturhist. Museum zu Hamburg. Zoologische Anzeiger 24: 225-228, fig. 1
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White Rhino
skull in mus. Hamburg; Individual not quite adult, as the last upper molar is not fully erupted. The shape of the skull, compared to R. bicornis and R. keitloa, is quite elongated. The Crista of the rear part is relatively strongly developed and goes back far beyond the condylen. The incisor p...
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File AvailableSclater, W.L. 1900 The mammals of South Africa, vol I: Primates, carnivora and ungulata. London, R.H. Porter, pp. i-xxxi, 1-324
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Morphology - Skull
Black Rhino
The skull is much shorter than that of R. simus and the angle formed by the parietal and occipital surfaces at the crest is much more nearly a right angle; the front part of the mandible too, is not nearly so depressed and spatulated as in R. simus.
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File AvailableSclater, W.L. 1900 The mammals of South Africa, vol I: Primates, carnivora and ungulata. London, R.H. Porter, pp. i-xxxi, 1-324
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All Rhino Species
Dentition i. 2 to 0/ 2 to 0, c. 0/ 1 to 0, pm 4/4, m. 3/3 = 28 to 38; incisors and canines variable in number, often absent, premolars and molars in a continuous series, and resembling one another in general plan, except that the anterior one is considerably smaller and often deciduous; upper mol...
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File AvailableSclater, W.L. 1900 The mammals of South Africa, vol I: Primates, carnivora and ungulata. London, R.H. Porter, pp. i-xxxi, 1-324
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Morphology - Skull
Black Rhino
As in the other species there are no incisors or canines in either jaw, though indistinct marks of the sockets can be seen; moreover, the premaxillae are much reduced, and consist only of two small nodules of bone at the tips of the maxillae.
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File AvailableFlower, S.S. 1900 On the mammalia of Siam and the Malay Peninsula. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1900 April 3: 306-379, fig. 1
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Javan Rhino
Female Rhinoceros sondaicus in Siamese Museum. Only one pair of incisors showed through the gums in the lower jaw, they were tusk-like; none showed in the upper jaw, the gum forming a hard pad in the place where the incisors of a horse would be.
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File AvailableSclater, W.L. 1900 The mammals of South Africa, vol I: Primates, carnivora and ungulata. London, R.H. Porter, pp. i-xxxi, 1-324
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World
Morphology - Skull
All Rhino Species
Skull of large size, elevated posteriorly into a transverse occipital crest; temporal and orbital fossae confluent with no post-orbital process or bar separating them; nasal bones large and stout, co-ossified together and separated from the premaxillae by a wide fissure.
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File AvailableSclater, W.L. 1900 The mammals of South Africa, vol I: Primates, carnivora and ungulata. London, R.H. Porter, pp. i-xxxi, 1-324
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Morphology - Skull
White Rhino
The skull (see fig. 75, p. 297), is altogether larger than in the other species, and the portion behind the orbit is drawn out, so that the angle formed at the occipital crest between the parietal and occipital regions is a very acute one; the front portion, too, of the mandible is much more depr...
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File AvailableAult Du Mesnil, G. d'; Mortillet, G. de; Acy, E. d'; Tardy, C. 1896 Dents de Rhinoceros - Discussion sur la Terrasse de Villefranche. Bulletins de la Societe d'Anthropologie de Paris Serie 4 (7): 37-48
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Europe
Morphology - Skull
Fossil
No details available yet
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File AvailableSclater, W.L. 1891 Catalogue of Mammalia in the Indian Museum, Calcutta. Calcutta, Indian Museum, vol. 2, pp. i-xxix, 1-375
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Javan Rhino
Ossified mesethmoid in Rhinoceros sondaicus. The ossified mesethmoid (cf Fraser J. A. S. B., xliv, p. 10) is present in only two of the skulls in the collection; in one or two others, however, there are traces of where it should have been, but it has evidently dropped off in the cleaning of the...
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