File AvailableLu, X.; Deng, T.; Zheng, X.; Li, F. 2020 Sexual dimorphism and body reconstruction of a hornless rhinocerotid, Plesiaceratherium gracile, from the Early Miocene of the Shanwang Basin, Shandong, China. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 8: 544076
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - East Asia - China
Morphology - Skull
Fossil
No details available yet
  details

File AvailableHanda, N.; Nakatsukasa, M.; Kunimatsu, Y.; Nakaya, H. 2018 Brachypotherium (Perissodactyla, Rhinocerotidae) from the late Miocene of Samburu Hills, Kenya. Geobios 51 (5): 391-399
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa - Eastern Africa
Morphology - Skull
Fossil
No details available yet
  details

File AvailableLu, X.; Zheng, X.; Sullivan, C.; Tan, J. 2016 A skull of Plesiaceratherium gracile (Rhinocerotidae, Perissodactyla) from a new lower Miocene locality in Shandong Province, China, and the phylogenetic position of Plesiaceratherium. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology: doi:10.1080/02724634.2016.1095201
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - East Asia - China
Morphology - Skull
Fossil
No details available yet
  details

File AvailableBallatore, M.; Breda, M. 2013 Stephanorhinus hundsheimensis (Rhinocerontidae, Mammalia) teeth from the early Middle Pleistocene of Isernia La Pineta (Molise, Italy) and comparison with coeval British material. Quaternary International 302: 169-183, 7 figs, 3 tabs.
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Europe - Southern Europe - Italy
Morphology - Skull
Fossil
No details available yet
  details

File AvailableHernesniemi, E.; Blomstedt, K.; Fortelius, M. 2011 Multi-view stereo three dimensional reconstruction of lower molars of Recent and Pleistocene rhinoceroses for mesowear analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica: 1-15
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
All Rhino Species
No details available yet
  details

File AvailableSanisidro Morant, O.; Soriano Estívalis, B.; Durá, A.A. 2011 El significado funcional de los cíngulos anterior y posterior en el rinoceronte Alicornops símorrense (Lartet, 1851) mediante el análisis de elementos finitos. Volumen de Actas “IX Encuentro de Jóvenes Investigadores en Paleontología”: pp. 355-361, 3 figs, 1 tab.
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
All Rhino Species
No details available yet
  details

File AvailableBaishya, G.; Kalita, A.; Chakraborty, A. 2001 Anatomy of the distal sesamoid of Indian one-horned rhinoceros. Indian Veterinary Journal 78 (September): 824-825, fig. 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Morphology - Skull
Indian Rhino
Distal sesamoid bone plays a vital role in keeping the heavy Indian one-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) in standing position as well as locomotion. This bone in domestic animals is widely studied (Raghavan, 1964; Getty, 1975 and Nickel et al., 1986). However, reports regarding detailed g...
  details

File AvailableStachiew, M. 1998 Nepal - looking for rhinos with an elephant. Really Rhinos 12 (2): 4
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
Indian Rhino
Illustration of the skull of Rhinoceros unicornis half-size.
  details

File AvailableBales, G.S. 1998 Patterns of foramen magnum size and shape in Rhinocerotoidea (Ceratomorpha: Perissodactyla). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 18 (Suppl. To no. 3): 25A-26A
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa
Morphology - Skull
Black Rhino
INTRODUCTION: The foramen magnum (FM) surrounds the upper cervical spinal cord near the cervico-medullary junction. In fossil crania, it may provide the only data (indirectly) for central nervous system (CNS) size in the absence of preserved endocasts. cranial cavities, or vertebral canals. It ma...
  details

File AvailableBordoloi, C.C.; Borthakur, S.; Talukdar, S.R.; Kalita, S.N.; Baishya, G.; Kalita, H. 1995 Mandible of the great Indian one-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis). Indian Veterinary Journal 72 (August): 838-842, figs. 1-2
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India - Assam
Morphology - Skull
Indian Rhino
Rhinoceros unicornis, Kaziranga, Assam, India. The mandible is the largest bone of the skull. It consists of two symmetrical halves which ossified at the body, both in adult and in young. The two halves ossified at the symphysis mandible. The lingual surface was wide, smooth and lightly concav...
  details

File AvailableBordoloi, C.C.; Borthakur, S.; Talukdar, S.R.; Kalita, S.N.; Baishya, G.; Kalita, H. 1995 Mandible of the great Indian one-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis). Indian Veterinary Journal 72 (August): 838-842, figs. 1-2
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India - Assam
Morphology - Skull
Indian Rhino
Rhinoceros unicornis, Kaziranga, Assam, India (n=7). The skull has the form of an irregular triangle, the base of which is caudal. Dorsal surface, is formed by occipital, interparietal, parietal, frontal and nasal bones. Interparietal bone was fused in adults. The dorsal surface wasdivided in...
  details

File AvailableWucher, M. 1994 A technique for making dental impressions and casts of immobilised black rhinoceros (Diceros bicorns) and white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum): pp. 164-167, figs. 1-2

In: Penzhorn, B.L. et al. Proceedings of a symposium on rhinos as game ranch animals. Onderstepoort, Republic of South Africa, 9-10 September 1994: pp. i-iv, 1-242
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
African Rhino Species
Dental impressions - techniques. Abstract - A technique is described for taking dental impressions of immobilised black and white rhinoceros. The resulting casts can be used to assess accurately the age of animals by using existing criteria. The technique involves using a gag to gain access to...
  details

File AvailableBales, G.S. 1994 Skull evolution in living and fossil rhinoceroses: morphometric analyses of within and between group variation. Journal of Morphology 220 (3): 322-323
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
All Rhino Species
Rhinoceroses comprise a long-lived and once diverse group with a relatively large fossil record and a few surviving taxa. Skull evolution was studied using living analogues as gauges of intraspecific variation. Analyses were done on 15 extinct and 4 extant genera using 19 measurements of adult cr...
  details

File AvailableSkinner, J.D.; Smithers, R.H.N. 1990 The mammals of the southern African subregion, new edition. Pretoria, University of Pretoria, pp. i-xxxii, 1-771
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
Black Rhino
While ancestral forms of rhinoceros possessed cutting incisor teeth and, in some, canines, these are absent in the black rhinoceros whose dental formula is: I 0/0, C 0/0, P 3/3, m 3/3 = 24 The premolar teeth are molariform, all the cheekteeth being broad-faced and adapted to grinding up the food.
  details

File AvailableSkinner, J.D.; Smithers, R.H.N. 1990 The mammals of the southern African subregion, new edition. Pretoria, University of Pretoria, pp. i-xxxii, 1-771
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
White Rhino
The dental formula of the white rhinoceros, C. simum, is: I 0/0, C 0/0, P 3/3, M 3/3 = 24
  details

File AvailableSkinner, J.D.; Smithers, R.H.N. 1990 The mammals of the southern African subregion, new edition. Pretoria, University of Pretoria, pp. i-xxxii, 1-771
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
White Rhino
The upper and lower second molars are the largest of the cheekteeth. All cheekteeth are broad-faced and have convoluted enamel layers on their biting surfaces and are adapted to grinding up the food. In the deciduous dentition they have four premolars on either side in the upper and lower jaws,...
  details

File AvailableSkinner, J.D.; Smithers, R.H.N. 1990 The mammals of the southern African subregion, new edition. Pretoria, University of Pretoria, pp. i-xxxii, 1-771
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
Black Rhino
The skull of this species is less elongated, the supraoccipital crest not extending upwards and backwards to the extent seen in the white rhinoceros. The occipital crest lacks the broad rugose area on top seen in the white rhinoceros and is narrower. The zygomatic arches are heavily built to gi...
  details

File AvailableSkinner, J.D.; Smithers, R.H.N. 1990 The mammals of the southern African subregion, new edition. Pretoria, University of Pretoria, pp. i-xxxii, 1-771
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
White Rhino
The skull is more elongated in this species than in the black rhinoceros, the occipital crest rising high at the back of the skull. The crest has a broad rugose area on top to provide a firm attachment for the huge muscles that actuate the raising and lowering of the heavy head. The high crest ...
  details

File AvailableBaryshnikov, G.F.; Guérin, C. 1986 Ostatki nosoroga Dicerorhinus etruscus brachycephalus iz ashel’skogo sloya peshchery Kudaro 1 (Bol’shoy Kavkaz) [Remains of the rhinoceros Dicerorhinus etruscus brachycephalus from the Acheulean Layer of the cave Kudaro 1 (Greater Caucasus)] (in Vereshchagin N.K. & Kuz’mina I.E., eds: Mleklopitayushchie Chetvertichnoy Fauny SSSR). Trudy ZIN AN SSSR, Izd-vo AN SSSR, Moskva/Leningrad 149: 62-73, 7 figs., 8 tabs.
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - West Asia
Morphology - Skull
Fossil
No details available yet
  details

File AvailableBaryshnikov, G.F.; Guérin, C. 1986 Ostatki nosoroga Dicerorhinus etruscus brachycephalus iz ashel’skogo sloya peshchery Kudaro 1 (Bol’shoy Kavkaz) [Remains of the rhinoceros Dicerorhinus etruscus brachycephalus from the Acheulean Layer of the cave Kudaro 1 (Greater Caucasus)] (in Vereshchagin N.K. & Kuz’mina I.E., eds: Mleklopitayushchie Chetvertichnoy Fauny SSSR). Trudy ZIN AN SSSR, Izd-vo AN SSSR, Moskva/Leningrad 149: 62-73, 7 figs., 8 tabs.
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - West Asia
Morphology - Skull
Fossil
See also Guérin & Baryshnikov (1987), a paper (in French) concerning the same remains from the Kudaro-1 cave.
  details

File AvailableMarc, C. 1981 Contribution a l'etude des tetes ossueuses des grands mammiferes du haut-Zaire et du Kivu. Kisangani, Cooperation Technique Universitaire Belge, projet 14
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa - Eastern Africa
Morphology - Skull
Nile Rhino
No details available yet
  details

File AvailableHickman, G.C. 1979 An inverted tooth in a white rhinoceros. Lammergeyer 27: 46-47, fig. 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
White Rhino
Ceratotherium simum - inverted lower PM1. Male collected in Umfolozi in 1961. The right ramus of the mandible had previously been broken and PM1 rotated through 180 degrees in a transverse plane, fixing the tooth in an inverted position. The occlusal surface was buried deep in the ramus, and th...
  details

File AvailableBanks, E. 1978 Mammals from Borneo. Brunei Museum Journal 4 (2): 165-227, pls. 1-14
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Borneo
Morphology - Skull
Sumatran Rhino
The lower incisor teeth are very sharp and point forward, it bites fiercely with these in defence though I have never heard of anyone getting hurt - even the Punan who crept up to a Rhino, seized its tail with one hand and speared it with the other.
  details

File AvailableSpinage, C.A. 1976 Incremental cementum lines in the teeth of tropical African mammals. Journal of Zoology (London) 178 : 117-131, 1 table, 3 plates
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa
Morphology - Skull
African Rhino Species
No details available yet
  details

File AvailableWallach, J.D. 1969 Hand-rearing and observations of a white rhinoceros Diceros s. simus. International Zoo Yearbook 9: 103-104, tables 1-2
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
White Rhino
Ceratotherium simum - tooth eruption. First tooth eruptions occurred at 70 days; both left and right lower first premolars appeared. At 76 days the opposing upper premolars erupted. Both sets of eruption were accompanied by a rise in rectal temperature to 37.8? C (100F) and 38.4?C (101.1F) res...
  details

Van Peenen, F.D.P. 1969 Preliminary identification manual for mammals of South Vietnam. Washington, Smithsonian Institution, pp. i-vi, 1-310
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
Sumatran Rhino
i 1/2, c 0/0, pm 3/3, m 3/3 x 2 = 30, incisors often absent.
  details

File AvailableAnderson, J.L. 1966 Tooth replacement and dentition of the black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis Linn). Lammergeyer 6: 41-46, pls. 1-2, figs. 1-2, tables A-B
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa - Southern Africa - South Africa
Morphology - Skull
Black Rhino
The basic dentition of the black rhino is four premolars and three molars in both upper and lower jaw. (Gray 1861 and Roberts 1951). Ritchie (1963) in Kenya, has recorded three premolars and three molars as a variation to the standard dentition; he mentions that the first premolar is missing in ...
  details

File AvailableAnderson, J.L. 1966 Tooth replacement and dentition of the black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis Linn). Lammergeyer 6: 41-46, pls. 1-2, figs. 1-2, tables A-B
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa - Southern Africa - South Africa
Morphology - Skull
Black Rhino
Diceros bicornis - South Africa. Within the collection, three of the specimens have two pairs of lower incisors, two animals being calves (H 40 and H 888), the other a fourteen-month-old male (H 11). A further two skulls have one pair of incisors in the lower jaw, on a mature animal (H 29) and ...
  details

File AvailableWilson, V.J.; Edwards, P.W. 1965 Data from a female rhinoceros and foetus (Diceros bicornis Linn.) from the Fort Jameson District. Puku 3: 179-180, tables 1-2
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa - Southern Africa - Zimbabwe
Morphology - Skull
Black Rhino
Female shot in Zimbabwe. The pregnant cow had not attained full permanent dentition. The third lower molars were just cutting through the gums, and the third upper molars just penetrating the jawbone.
  details

File AvailableCave, A.J.E. 1959 The foramen ovale in the Rhinocerotidae. Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of Zoology Sect 5, paper 20: 1-3
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
All Rhino Species
Foramen ovale in all species. Phylogenetic significance has been accorded to the individualization of cranial foramina and taxonomic importance to the foramen ovale. The separate passage of the mandibular branch of the foramina has been considered an advanced morphological character, and its al...
  details

File AvailableHeuertz, H. 1947 Quelques obsevations morphologiques sur le crane des Rhinocerotides. Archives de l'Institut Grand-Ducal de Luxembourg 17: 65-72
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
All Rhino Species
No details available yet
  details

File AvailableSchouteden, H. 1945 De zoogdieren van Belgisch-Congo en van Ruanda-Urundi, part 2. Annales du Musee Royal du Congo Belge (C/II) 3 (2): 169-332
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
African Rhino Species
I 0/0, C 0/0, Pm 4-3/4-3, M 3/3.
  details

File AvailableCarter, T.D.; Hill, J.E. 1942 Notes on the lesser one-horned rhinoceros, Rhinoceros sondaicus, 1. A skull of Rhinoceros sondaicus in the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum Novitates 1206: 1-3, pl. 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
Javan Rhino
While comparing skulls of Recent Indian rhinoceroses with skeletal remains of a fossil Chinese rhinoceros, Dr. E. H. Colbert discovered a skull that did not belong to the species R. unicornis, although it was so labeled and had been purchased as such. The molar teeth with anterolateral buttresse...
  details

File AvailableDollman, J.G. 1921 Catalogue of the Selous collection of big game in the British Museum (Natural History). London, Trustees of the British Museum., pp. i-vii, 1-112
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
Black Rhino
seven cheek-teeth on each side, the first premolar remaining throughout life.
  details

File AvailableChapman, A. 1921 Savage Sudan: its wild tribes, big-game and bird-life. London and Edinburgh, Gurney and Jackson, pp. i-xx, 1-452
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
African Rhino Species
In the skull of the white rhino there occurs immediately in front of the eye a sort of double bony projection which entirely prevents its seeing straight ahead. This is much less pronounced in R. bicornis.
  details

File AvailableLydekker, R. 1907 The game animals of India, Burma, and Tibet, being a new and revised edition of 'The great and small game of India, Burma, and Tibet'. London, Rowland Ward, pp. i-xv, 1-409
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
Indian Rhino
The Indian rhinoceros usually has one pair of upper and two of lower incisors; the outermost pair of' the latter being large, tusk-like, and projecting from the angles of the lower jaw, so as to make formidable weapons of offence. The cheek-teeth are characterised by their flat plane of wear and...
  details

File AvailableLydekker, R. 1907 The game animals of India, Burma, and Tibet, being a new and revised edition of 'The great and small game of India, Burma, and Tibet'. London, Rowland Ward, pp. i-xv, 1-409
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
Javan Rhino
The cheek-teeth, however, although numerically the same as in the Indian rhinoceros, show a simpler pattern, while their crowns wear into ridges instead of a uniformly flat plane. This may be taken to indicate that the present species feeds chiefly upon twigs and leaves.
  details

File AvailableKampen, P.N. van 1905 Die Tympanalgegend des Saugetierschadels. Morphologisches Jahrbuch 34: 321-722, figs. 1-96
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
All Rhino Species
Wall of the middle ear (Paukenh?hle). In an adult, but not old skull of Rhinoceros sumatrensis I found the wall of the middle ear constructed as follows (figs. 61, 62). The small Tympanicum, which is only connected to the long Processus Folii, is very uneven in form. It forms the side-wall of ...
  details

File AvailableWeber, M. 1904 Die Saugetiere: Einfuhrung in die Anatomie und Systematik der recenten und fossilen Mammalia. Jena, Gustav Fischer, pp. i-xii, 1-806
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
All Rhino Species
genus Dicerorhinus: Processus postglenoideus and posttympanicus separated. Nasalia small, pointed in front. Genus Rhinoceros: Processus postglenoideus and posttympanicus not separated. Nasalia pointed in front. Genus Diceros: Processus postglenoideus and posttympanicus partly separated. Na...
  details

File AvailableWeber, M. 1904 Die Saugetiere: Einfuhrung in die Anatomie und Systematik der recenten und fossilen Mammalia. Jena, Gustav Fischer, pp. i-xii, 1-806
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
Sumatran Rhino
I 1/0, C 0/1, the lateral upper and medial lower incisors are the most obvious.
  details

File AvailableWeber, M. 1904 Die Saugetiere: Einfuhrung in die Anatomie und Systematik der recenten und fossilen Mammalia. Jena, Gustav Fischer, pp. i-xii, 1-806
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
Sumatran Rhino
genus Dicerorhinus: molars brachyodont, without cement. Ectoloph bend upwards with a large Parastyl.
  details

File AvailableNehring, A. 1901 Ein Schaedel des Rhinoceros simus im Naturhist. Museum zu Hamburg. Zoologische Anzeiger 24: 225-228, fig. 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
White Rhino
skull in mus. Hamburg; Individual not quite adult, as the last upper molar is not fully erupted. The shape of the skull, compared to R. bicornis and R. keitloa, is quite elongated. The Crista of the rear part is relatively strongly developed and goes back far beyond the condylen. The incisor p...
  details

File AvailableSclater, W.L. 1900 The mammals of South Africa, vol I: Primates, carnivora and ungulata. London, R.H. Porter, pp. i-xxxi, 1-324
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
Black Rhino
The skull is much shorter than that of R. simus and the angle formed by the parietal and occipital surfaces at the crest is much more nearly a right angle; the front part of the mandible too, is not nearly so depressed and spatulated as in R. simus.
  details

File AvailableSclater, W.L. 1900 The mammals of South Africa, vol I: Primates, carnivora and ungulata. London, R.H. Porter, pp. i-xxxi, 1-324
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
All Rhino Species
Dentition i. 2 to 0/ 2 to 0, c. 0/ 1 to 0, pm 4/4, m. 3/3 = 28 to 38; incisors and canines variable in number, often absent, premolars and molars in a continuous series, and resembling one another in general plan, except that the anterior one is considerably smaller and often deciduous; upper mol...
  details

File AvailableSclater, W.L. 1900 The mammals of South Africa, vol I: Primates, carnivora and ungulata. London, R.H. Porter, pp. i-xxxi, 1-324
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
Black Rhino
As in the other species there are no incisors or canines in either jaw, though indistinct marks of the sockets can be seen; moreover, the premaxillae are much reduced, and consist only of two small nodules of bone at the tips of the maxillae.
  details

File AvailableFlower, S.S. 1900 On the mammalia of Siam and the Malay Peninsula. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1900 April 3: 306-379, fig. 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
Javan Rhino
Female Rhinoceros sondaicus in Siamese Museum. Only one pair of incisors showed through the gums in the lower jaw, they were tusk-like; none showed in the upper jaw, the gum forming a hard pad in the place where the incisors of a horse would be.
  details

File AvailableSclater, W.L. 1900 The mammals of South Africa, vol I: Primates, carnivora and ungulata. London, R.H. Porter, pp. i-xxxi, 1-324
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
All Rhino Species
Skull of large size, elevated posteriorly into a transverse occipital crest; temporal and orbital fossae confluent with no post-orbital process or bar separating them; nasal bones large and stout, co-ossified together and separated from the premaxillae by a wide fissure.
  details

File AvailableSclater, W.L. 1900 The mammals of South Africa, vol I: Primates, carnivora and ungulata. London, R.H. Porter, pp. i-xxxi, 1-324
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
White Rhino
The skull (see fig. 75, p. 297), is altogether larger than in the other species, and the portion behind the orbit is drawn out, so that the angle formed at the occipital crest between the parietal and occipital regions is a very acute one; the front portion, too, of the mandible is much more depr...
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File AvailableAult Du Mesnil, G. d'; Mortillet, G. de; Acy, E. d'; Tardy, C. 1896 Dents de Rhinoceros - Discussion sur la Terrasse de Villefranche. Bulletins de la Societe d'Anthropologie de Paris Serie 4 (7): 37-48
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Europe
Morphology - Skull
Fossil
No details available yet
  details

File AvailableSclater, W.L. 1891 Catalogue of Mammalia in the Indian Museum, Calcutta. Calcutta, Indian Museum, vol. 2, pp. i-xxix, 1-375
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
Javan Rhino
Ossified mesethmoid in Rhinoceros sondaicus. The ossified mesethmoid (cf Fraser J. A. S. B., xliv, p. 10) is present in only two of the skulls in the collection; in one or two others, however, there are traces of where it should have been, but it has evidently dropped off in the cleaning of the...
  details

File AvailableGray, J.E. 1869 On the incisor teeth of the African rhinoceros. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 March 11: 225
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa - Eastern Africa - Ethiopia
Morphology - Skull
Black Rhino
Skull from Abyssinia. The skull of the nearly adult female specimen of Rhinaster keitloa in the British Museum killed by Mr. Jesse in Abyssinia has the small intermaxillary bones well preserved. They are not united together in front; the dental edge has unfortunately been injured in the varriag...
  details

File AvailableMilne Edwards, H. 1868 Observations sur le stereocere de Gall. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris (5) 10: 203-221, pls. 12-14
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Indonesia - Java
Morphology - Skull
Javan Rhino
Pl. 12 is a vertical section of the head of the one-horned rhinoceros of Java.
  details

File AvailableDawkins, W. Boyd 1867 On the dentition of Rhinoceros leptorhinus, Owen. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 23: 213-227, 1 plate
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Europe
Morphology - Skull
Fossil
No details available yet
  details

File AvailableDawkins, W. Boyd 1863 On the Molar series of Rhinoceros Tichorhinus. The Natural History Review 3: 525-538, 2 plates
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Europe
Morphology - Skull
Fossil
No details available yet
  details

File AvailableGray, J.E.; Gerrard, E. 1862 Catalogue of the bones of mammalia in the collection of the British Museum. London, Trustees of the British Museum, pp. i-iv, 1-296
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
All Rhino Species
In genus Rhinoceros (Asian species): incisors 1-1/2-2, canines 0-0/0-0, premolars 4-4/4-4, molars 3-3/3-3 = 34 In genus Rhinaster (African species), incisors 0/0, canines 0/0, premolars 4-4/4-4, molars 3-3/3-3 = 28
  details

File AvailableChildren, J.G. 1826 Letter to Dixon Denham, dated 1 May 1826: p. 475

In: Bovill, E.W. Missions to the Niger, volume 3: The Bornu Mission 1822-25, part 2. Cambridge, Hakluyt Society, Works Second Series, vol. 129: pp. i-xii, 309-595
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Morphology - Skull
African Rhino Species
With respect to the Kerkadan [rhinoceros] chewing the cud, it is to be observed, that all the ruminating animals, except the camel, lama and musk deer, want the canine tooth altogether, and have no incisor teeth in the upper jaw; and although the system of dentition of the rhinoceros is different...
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File AvailableThomas, H.L. 1801 An anatomical description of a male rhinoceros. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 91 (1): 145-152, pl. 10
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World
Morphology - Skull
Indian Rhino
The incisor teeth were only four in number, two situated in each jaw: these are placed a considerable distance from each other: besides them, I observed, in the head of another rhinoceros, five years old, and where the soft parts had been removed, two smaller teeth placed one on each side those o...
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