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File AvailableSkinner, J.D.; Smithers, R.H.N. 1990 The mammals of the southern African subregion, new edition. Pretoria, University of Pretoria, pp. i-xxxii, 1-771
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World
Morphology - Skull
White Rhino
The skull is more elongated in this species than in the black rhinoceros, the occipital crest rising high at the back of the skull. The crest has a broad rugose area on top to provide a firm attachment for the huge muscles that actuate the raising and lowering of the heavy head. The high crest ...
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File AvailableBaryshnikov, G.F.; Guérin, C. 1986 Ostatki nosoroga Dicerorhinus etruscus brachycephalus iz ashel’skogo sloya peshchery Kudaro 1 (Bol’shoy Kavkaz) [Remains of the rhinoceros Dicerorhinus etruscus brachycephalus from the Acheulean Layer of the cave Kudaro 1 (Greater Caucasus)] (in Vereshchagin N.K. & Kuz’mina I.E., eds: Mleklopitayushchie Chetvertichnoy Fauny SSSR). Trudy ZIN AN SSSR, Izd-vo AN SSSR, Moskva/Leningrad 149: 62-73, 7 figs., 8 tabs.
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Asia - West Asia
Morphology - Skull
Fossil
No details available yet
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File AvailableBaryshnikov, G.F.; Guérin, C. 1986 Ostatki nosoroga Dicerorhinus etruscus brachycephalus iz ashel’skogo sloya peshchery Kudaro 1 (Bol’shoy Kavkaz) [Remains of the rhinoceros Dicerorhinus etruscus brachycephalus from the Acheulean Layer of the cave Kudaro 1 (Greater Caucasus)] (in Vereshchagin N.K. & Kuz’mina I.E., eds: Mleklopitayushchie Chetvertichnoy Fauny SSSR). Trudy ZIN AN SSSR, Izd-vo AN SSSR, Moskva/Leningrad 149: 62-73, 7 figs., 8 tabs.
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Asia - West Asia
Morphology - Skull
Fossil
See also Guérin & Baryshnikov (1987), a paper (in French) concerning the same remains from the Kudaro-1 cave.
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File AvailableMarc, C. 1981 Contribution a l'etude des tetes ossueuses des grands mammiferes du haut-Zaire et du Kivu. Kisangani, Cooperation Technique Universitaire Belge, projet 14
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Africa - Eastern Africa
Morphology - Skull
Nile Rhino
No details available yet
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File AvailableHickman, G.C. 1979 An inverted tooth in a white rhinoceros. Lammergeyer 27: 46-47, fig. 1
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World
Morphology - Skull
White Rhino
Ceratotherium simum - inverted lower PM1. Male collected in Umfolozi in 1961. The right ramus of the mandible had previously been broken and PM1 rotated through 180 degrees in a transverse plane, fixing the tooth in an inverted position. The occlusal surface was buried deep in the ramus, and th...
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File AvailableBanks, E. 1978 Mammals from Borneo. Brunei Museum Journal 4 (2): 165-227, pls. 1-14
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Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Borneo
Morphology - Skull
Sumatran Rhino
The lower incisor teeth are very sharp and point forward, it bites fiercely with these in defence though I have never heard of anyone getting hurt - even the Punan who crept up to a Rhino, seized its tail with one hand and speared it with the other.
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File AvailableSpinage, C.A. 1976 Incremental cementum lines in the teeth of tropical African mammals. Journal of Zoology (London) 178 : 117-131, 1 table, 3 plates
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Africa
Morphology - Skull
African Rhino Species
No details available yet
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File AvailableWallach, J.D. 1969 Hand-rearing and observations of a white rhinoceros Diceros s. simus. International Zoo Yearbook 9: 103-104, tables 1-2
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World
Morphology - Skull
White Rhino
Ceratotherium simum - tooth eruption. First tooth eruptions occurred at 70 days; both left and right lower first premolars appeared. At 76 days the opposing upper premolars erupted. Both sets of eruption were accompanied by a rise in rectal temperature to 37.8? C (100F) and 38.4?C (101.1F) res...
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Van Peenen, F.D.P. 1969 Preliminary identification manual for mammals of South Vietnam. Washington, Smithsonian Institution, pp. i-vi, 1-310
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World
Morphology - Skull
Sumatran Rhino
i 1/2, c 0/0, pm 3/3, m 3/3 x 2 = 30, incisors often absent.
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File AvailableAnderson, J.L. 1966 Tooth replacement and dentition of the black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis Linn). Lammergeyer 6: 41-46, pls. 1-2, figs. 1-2, tables A-B
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Africa - Southern Africa - South Africa
Morphology - Skull
Black Rhino
The basic dentition of the black rhino is four premolars and three molars in both upper and lower jaw. (Gray 1861 and Roberts 1951). Ritchie (1963) in Kenya, has recorded three premolars and three molars as a variation to the standard dentition; he mentions that the first premolar is missing in ...
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