File AvailableAnonymous 2003 Wundermittel Nasenhorn?. Gorilla (Mitteilungen der Zoologischen Gesellchaft Frankfurt) 2003 (2): 15, fig. 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
No details available yet
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File AvailableVigne, L.; Martin, E.B. 2000 Price for rhino horn increases in Yemen. Pachyderm 28: 91-100, photos 1-6, table 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa - Western Africa - Cameroon
Value - Related to Horn
African Rhino Species
Almost all the horn in Cameroon is exported because there is little demand for it within the country. Planton was told that occasionally it is used by traditional doctors when they pray.
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File AvailableVigne, L.; Martin, E.B. 2000 Price for rhino horn increases in Yemen. Pachyderm 28: 91-100, photos 1-6, table 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - West Asia - Yemen
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
Yemen in 1999. Table 1. Average retail prices of jambiyas in Sanaa in June 1999. Handle type Price in rials Price in US dollars Plastic 500 3 Wood 500 3 Water buffalo horn 2,000 12 Camel ho...
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File AvailableMartin, E.B.; Vigne, L. 1999 Taken to the hilt: demand for rhino horn greater than ever. BBC Wildlife 17 (9) September: 61, fig. 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - West Asia - Yemen
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
1999 Yemen, now 900/kg; craftsmen get 390/kg for chips and poweder from Chinese and Koreans
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File AvailableGough, D. 1999 Survival rests on a knife edge. Guardian, London 1999 April 6: 11, figs. 1-2
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
Rhino horns are used to make the handle of the Jambiya dagger traditionally carried by all Yemeni men. A dagger with a rhino horn handle is a prized accessory and daggers with antique rhino handles can fetch as much as $1 million. EB Martin: the demand remains high in Yemen and the trade contin...
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File AvailableMartin, E.B.; Hillman Smith, K. 1999 Entrepots for rhino horn in Khartoum and Cairo threaten Garamba's white rhino population. Pachyderm 27: 76-85, figs. 1-2, photo 1-8, table 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa - Eastern Africa - Ethiopia
Value - Related to Horn
African Rhino Species
Traditional medicine shops in the Khan al Khalili claim to sell rhino horn powder to Egyptians. They consume it with milk to cure blood poisoning and snakebites, as in Sudan. The shop assistants correctly did not mention the use of rhino horn as an aphrodisiac, but instead named crocodile penis...
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File AvailableMartin, E.B.; Hillman Smith, K. 1999 Entrepots for rhino horn in Khartoum and Cairo threaten Garamba's white rhino population. Pachyderm 27: 76-85, figs. 1-2, photo 1-8, table 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa - Eastern Africa - Sudan
Value - Related to Horn
African Rhino Species
Sudan, Prices for rhino horn. The asking price for the 450-gram horn seen in early 1997 was $1,960 per kilo. The prices quoted for the three horns seen in late 1997 (Table 1 ), and the two others offered but not seen, may imply some collusion among the traders at that time as their original pri...
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File AvailableMartin, E.B.; Hillman Smith, K. 1999 Entrepots for rhino horn in Khartoum and Cairo threaten Garamba's white rhino population. Pachyderm 27: 76-85, figs. 1-2, photo 1-8, table 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa - Eastern Africa - Sudan
Value - Related to Horn
African Rhino Species
In Omdurman in Sudan. some of the horns were crafted into items such as boxes, cups, walking stick handles and rings (lan Parker. pers. comm., 1997) and sold to Sudanese people. Besides the three raw horns seen, two rhino horn by-products were offered for sale in Omdurman/ Khartoum in late 1997:...
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File AvailableLammers, I. 1998 Illegale handel kent geen grenzen. Panda 1998 Winter: 9-11, figs. 1-5, map 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
The trade routes of rhino horns to Yemen are many thousands of years old. The use of the horn for dagger handles is equally old. Formerly the right to carry a jambiya was restricted to men of high status, but now everybody is allowed. There is also more money than formerly. Due to rising oil p...
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File AvailableLammers, I. 1998 Illegale handel kent geen grenzen. Panda 1998 Winter: 9-11, figs. 1-5, map 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
There are two destinations for rhino products: the Middle East and Eastern asia. The horn is worth many thousands of dollars. Despite the price, there is a great demand. In Yemen, Oman and the United Arab Emirates the people use a dagger with a handle made of rhino horn as status symbol. In C...
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File AvailableMartin, E.B.; Vigne, L. 1997 Good news for rhinos. Swara 20 (5): 13-14, fig. 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - West Asia - Yemen
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
1985, Yemen, $ 1000/kg, stable to 1997
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File AvailableMartin, E.B. 1996 The importance of park budgets, intelligence networks and competent management for succesful conservation of the greater one-horned rhinoceros. Pachyderm 22: 10-17, figs. 1-4, tables 1-2
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - Nepal
Value - Related to Horn
Indian Rhino
1995, four people were arrested near Chitwan NP, Nepal, for selling fake rhino horn.
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File AvailableMartin, E.B. 1996 Smuggling routes for West Bengal's rhino horn and recent successes in curbing poaching. Pachyderm 21: 28-34, figs. 1-6
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India - West Bengal
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1993 - West Bengal, Poachers are paid for each horn they obtain rather than by weight. In 1993 the price per kilo was from $640 to $896. Usually the killer, who is often the gang leader, will receive twice as much as the others.
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File AvailableMartin, E.B. 1996 Smuggling routes for West Bengal's rhino horn and recent successes in curbing poaching. Pachyderm 21: 28-34, figs. 1-6
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - Bhutan
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1992, Bhutan, Indians to Bhutanese for around $8,600 a kilo
  details

File AvailableMartin, E.B.; Vigne, L. 1996 Numbers of greater one-horned rhinos continue to rise. Oryx 30 (3): 163-165, figs. 1-2
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1995, India, export price stable at $9000 per kg since 1992
  details

File AvailableMartin, E.B. 1996 The importance of park budgets, intelligence networks and competent management for succesful conservation of the greater one-horned rhinoceros. Pachyderm 22: 10-17, figs. 1-4, tables 1-2
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India - Assam
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1995, Assam, Manas, $ 2555 per kilo
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File AvailableMartin, E.B. 1996 Smuggling routes for West Bengal's rhino horn and recent successes in curbing poaching. Pachyderm 21: 28-34, figs. 1-6
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
In the late 1960s, in the northern part of West Bengal, there was some demand for rhino hom for use in medicines, but this had declined sharply by the early 1970s (Dey, pers. comm., 1993).
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File AvailableMartin, E.B. 1996 The importance of park budgets, intelligence networks and competent management for succesful conservation of the greater one-horned rhinoceros. Pachyderm 22: 10-17, figs. 1-4, tables 1-2
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India - Assam
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1995, Assam, $885 to $2556 per kilo of horn
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File AvailableMartin, E.B.; Vigne, L. 1995 Nepal's rhino - one of the greatest conservation success stories. Pachyderm 20: 10-26, figs. 1-3, pls. 1-8, tables 1-11
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - Nepal
Value - Related to Horn
Indian Rhino
In 1993 five fake horns made of buffalo and cow horn were intercepted in Chitwan and Nawalparasi Dts., along with their maker who lived in Gorkha Dt. He had sold them to five people at NRS 1,000 ($22) each; all the people involved were arrested as it is illegal to buy and sell fake rhino horns b...
  details

File AvailableMenon, V. 1995 Under siege: poaching and protection of greater one-horned rhinoceroses in India. Delhi, Traffic India, pp. i-iv, 1-114
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
India. The price per kilogramme rose from Rs7333 (US$1535) in 1965-66, to Rs 1 6 001 (US$1975) in 1978-79. In 1979-80, however, coincident with the cessation of legal sales of horn in Assam, the price went up about four-fold to Rs62 500 (US$762 1) per kg. Today, research for this report reveal...
  details

File AvailableMenon, V. 1995 Under siege: poaching and protection of greater one-horned rhinoceroses in India. Delhi, Traffic India, pp. i-iv, 1-114
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - West Asia - Oman
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
Demand for rhino horn in Oman.
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File AvailableRabinowitz, A. 1995 Helping a species go extinct: the Sumatran rhinoceros in Borneo. Conservation Biology 9 (1): 482-488
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - East Asia - China
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
The preparation of rhino horn for particular ailments is often cited from the Divine Peasant's Herbal, written in the first century B.C., and from the Pen Ts'ao Kang Mu, a well-known sixteenth century Chinese medical text. Although there have been modifications and revisions to the Chinese medic...
  details

File AvailableMenon, V. 1995 Under siege: poaching and protection of greater one-horned rhinoceroses in India. Delhi, Traffic India, pp. i-iv, 1-114
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - East Asia - Tibet
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
The Tibetan medicine school dates back as early as the second century AD. Although, initially an amalgamation of Indian and Chinese schools of medicine, the seventh and eight centuries AD saw physicians from Persia, Greece and Nepal contributing to the assemblage of Tibetan medicine cultures. T...
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File AvailableMenon, V. 1995 Under siege: poaching and protection of greater one-horned rhinoceroses in India. Delhi, Traffic India, pp. i-iv, 1-114
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
India. The earliest record of use of rhinoceros derivatives in India is that of rhinoceros homs being made into knife handles in the twelfth century (Ahmed, 1960 = al-Sharif al-Idrisi)
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File AvailableMenon, V. 1995 Under siege: poaching and protection of greater one-horned rhinoceroses in India. Delhi, Traffic India, pp. i-iv, 1-114
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
During this study, several fakes were seen and photographed, mainly materials seized by law enforcement agencies. Baidya (1982) documents the manufacture of a rhinoceros horn from a cattle horn (either from domestic cow or Water Buffalo). He reports that a domestic cattle horn is mounted on a c...
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File AvailableMartin, E.B.; Vigne, L. 1995 Nepal's rhino - one of the greatest conservation success stories. Pachyderm 20: 10-26, figs. 1-3, pls. 1-8, tables 1-11
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - Nepal
Value - Related to Horn
Indian Rhino
1993, Nepal, average horn (700 g), paid to gang, Nrs 50,000-100,000 ($1087-2174) First middleman, Nrs 300-400,000 ($7042-9390)/kg Middleman, 1993, Nrs 550,000 ($11,224)/kg
  details

File AvailableMenon, V. 1995 Under siege: poaching and protection of greater one-horned rhinoceroses in India. Delhi, Traffic India, pp. i-iv, 1-114
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
India. Another use of rhinoceros horn is its purported use by militants in preparing fake currency notes. This fact was repeatedly heard during this study from a large number of people in Assam but could not be verified in the field, obviously so because of the nature of use. According to some...
  details

File AvailableMenon, V. 1995 Under siege: poaching and protection of greater one-horned rhinoceroses in India. Delhi, Traffic India, pp. i-iv, 1-114
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
India. In eastern India, small flakes of rhinoceros horn are worn in rings both by men and women. These flakes vary in colour from a dark yellow to a deep amber and after use may turn brownish. They are normally worn by Assamese, although their use in Bengal has also been historically recorded...
  details

File AvailableMenon, V. 1995 Under siege: poaching and protection of greater one-horned rhinoceroses in India. Delhi, Traffic India, pp. i-iv, 1-114
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
India, poachers price for rhino horn 1985-86, Manas, Rs. 14.798 per kg 1985-86, Orang, rs. 36.996 per kg 1986, , Assam, Rs. 32.752 per kg 1987, Kaziranga, Rs. 20.000-25.000 per kg 1989, Assam, Rs. 101.331per kg 1993, Assam, Rs. 69.375 per kg 1994, Assam, Rs. 100.000 per kg
  details

File AvailableMenon, V. 1995 Under siege: poaching and protection of greater one-horned rhinoceroses in India. Delhi, Traffic India, pp. i-iv, 1-114
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
India, Trader's price for rhino horn 1977-78, AssamRs. 16.000 per kg 1982, India, Rs. 70.000 per kg 1987, Assam, Rs. 103.536 1991, Nagaland, Rs. 200.000 1994, Assam, Rs. 187.750-400.000 1994, Assam, Rs. 400.000-500.000
  details

File AvailableMenon, V. 1995 Under siege: poaching and protection of greater one-horned rhinoceroses in India. Delhi, Traffic India, pp. i-iv, 1-114
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - East Asia - China
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
It has been deduced that the vast majority of Indian rhinoceros hom finds its way to Oriental medicine markets. Asian rhinoceros horn commands several times the price of African rhinoceros horn, and is especially prized in Oriental medicine markets.
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File AvailableHolt-Biddle, D. 1995 Rhino horn: miracle medicine or mythical magic?. REF News no. 13: 4
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - East Asia - China
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
Powdered rhino horn has been used in traditional Oriental medicine for at least 3 600 years. The innovativeness of the Chinese has long been known, and admired - think of spaghetti and silk, gunpowder and fireworks, printing and paper. Their firm belief in the efficacy of animal products as med...
  details

File AvailableMenon, V. 1995 Under siege: poaching and protection of greater one-horned rhinoceroses in India. Delhi, Traffic India, pp. i-iv, 1-114
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
India. Horn were used to make cups for royalty and aristocracy which were used not only as a decorative objects but also to act as poison detectors - a belief that was widespread in those days.
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File AvailableMenon, V. 1995 Under siege: poaching and protection of greater one-horned rhinoceroses in India. Delhi, Traffic India, pp. i-iv, 1-114
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
Martin also documents the use of rhinoceros hom to cure lumbago, polio and arthritis, as well as haemorrhoids, in which case the smoke from a burning horn is directed towards the patient's underparts. He also describes rhinoceros blood being used as a tonic, rhinoceros meat as a cardiac stimulan...
  details

File AvailableMenon, V. 1995 Under siege: poaching and protection of greater one-horned rhinoceroses in India. Delhi, Traffic India, pp. i-iv, 1-114
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Thailand
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
Thailand, Trader's price for rhino horn, 1990, Bangkok, Rs. 373.524
  details

File AvailableMenon, V. 1995 Under siege: poaching and protection of greater one-horned rhinoceroses in India. Delhi, Traffic India, pp. i-iv, 1-114
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - Bhutan
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
Bhutan, Trader's price for rhino horn, 1993, Bhutan, Rs. 206.646
  details

File AvailableMenon, V. 1995 Under siege: poaching and protection of greater one-horned rhinoceroses in India. Delhi, Traffic India, pp. i-iv, 1-114
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - East Asia - China
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
Taipei, Trader's price for rhino horn 1979, Taipei, Rs. 139.266 1985, Taipei, Rs. 295.092 1988, Taipei, Rs. 563.716 1990, Taipei, Rs. 945.268 1993, Taipei, Rs. 961.563 (powder) 1993, TaipeiRs. 1.282.188 (powder) 1993, Taipei, Rs. 1.602.500 (powder)
  details

File AvailableMenon, V. 1995 Under siege: poaching and protection of greater one-horned rhinoceroses in India. Delhi, Traffic India, pp. i-iv, 1-114
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
Taiwan, Trader's price for rhino horn 1985, Taiwan, Rs. 263.472 1988, Taiwan, Rs. 595.989 1990, Taiwan, Rs. 706.747 1990, Taiwan, Rs. 349.840
  details

File AvailableMenon, V. 1995 Under siege: poaching and protection of greater one-horned rhinoceroses in India. Delhi, Traffic India, pp. i-iv, 1-114
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
Export trade in rhinoceros horn was illegal in India from 1972, but between 1965 and 1980 the State of Assam put up rhinoceros homs (from animals killed by poachers or by natural causes) for legal tender on the domestic market, and these auctions are said to have been the largest source of smuggl...
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File AvailableLategan, P. 1994 The role of the Endangered Species Protection Unit (ESPU) of the South African Police in combating rhinoceros poaching and the smuggling of rhino horn: pp. 4-6

In: Penzhorn, B.L. et al. Proceedings of a symposium on rhinos as game ranch animals. Onderstepoort, Republic of South Africa, 9-10 September 1994: pp. i-iv, 1-242
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - East Asia - China
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
The retail price of rhino horn in Taipei, Republic of China, has nearly quadrupled over the past decade. The following table illustrates the investment value of rhino horn in Taiwan: 1979 R 4 000 per kilogram [in South African Rand] 1985 R 4 000 per kilogram 1988 ...
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File AvailableLoh i Cheng 1994 What has the Republic of China done to curtail trade in rhino products?: pp. 7-10

In: Penzhorn, B.L. et al. Proceedings of a symposium on rhinos as game ranch animals. Onderstepoort, Republic of South Africa, 9-10 September 1994: pp. i-iv, 1-242
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
Let me from the outset admit that in traditional Chinese herb medicine, rhino horn was considered to be an effective cure for high fever for whatever cause. The way it is used is to grind it into very fine powder form, mixed with other herb medicine, boiled into a brew and given to the patient r...
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File AvailableMartin, E.B. 1993 Rhino poaching in Namibia from 1980 to 1990 and the illegal trade in the horn. Pachyderm 17: 39-51, figs. 1-5, tables 1-5
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
Another strategy for lowering demand is to encourage further the use of substitutes such as saiga antelope horn. An new study, carried out by three scientists from the Department of Biology and the Chinese Medicinal Material Research Centre of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, shows that both...
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File AvailableMartin, E.B. 1993 Rhino poaching in Namibia from 1980 to 1990 and the illegal trade in the horn. Pachyderm 17: 39-51, figs. 1-5, tables 1-5
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - West Asia - Dubai
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
1986, Dubai, $500-$700 a kilo of horn
  details

File AvailableMartin, E.B. 1993 Rhino poaching in Namibia from 1980 to 1990 and the illegal trade in the horn. Pachyderm 17: 39-51, figs. 1-5, tables 1-5
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - West Asia - Yemen
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
1986, Yemen, $800 to $ 1,000 a kilo
  details

File AvailableMartin, E.B. 1993 Rhino poaching in Namibia from 1980 to 1990 and the illegal trade in the horn. Pachyderm 17: 39-51, figs. 1-5, tables 1-5
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1986, India, $ 2600 per kg
  details

File AvailableMartin, E.B. 1993 Rhino poaching in Namibia from 1980 to 1990 and the illegal trade in the horn. Pachyderm 17: 39-51, figs. 1-5, tables 1-5
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1989, India, $6250 per kg
  details

File AvailableMartin, E.B. 1993 Rhino poaching in Namibia from 1980 to 1990 and the illegal trade in the horn. Pachyderm 17: 39-51, figs. 1-5, tables 1-5
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - West Asia - Yemen
Value - Related to Horn
Fossil
1990, Yemen, $1360 per kg
  details

File AvailableMartin, E.B. 1993 Rhino poaching in Namibia from 1980 to 1990 and the illegal trade in the horn. Pachyderm 17: 39-51, figs. 1-5, tables 1-5
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - East Asia - China
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1990, Taipei, $20.000 per kg import price; $45.000 per kg retail
  details

File AvailableRhino & Elephant Foundation 1992 Goodbye to the black rhino?. REF News no. 7: 2, fig. 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
1992, Taiwan, R 140.00 per kg horn
  details

File AvailableMartin, E.B. 1992 A survey of rhino products for retail sale in Bangkok in early 1992. Pachyderm 15: 53-56, figs. 1-3, tables 1-3
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Thailand
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
Sale of parts in Bankok in 1992 Bangkok has been for many years a major market for rhino products, including the horn, skin, nails and penis. However, in March 1992, fewer pharmacies were selling rhino horn and skin compared with my 1990 survey, and the prices had increased by less than 10% per...
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File AvailableVigne, L.; Martin, E.B. 1990 Increasing threats to Assam's rhinos. International Zoo News 37 (7): 28-30, figs. 1-3
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - East Asia - Hong Kong
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
1989, Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, $15,000 per kilo wholesale. Middlemen were offering poachers in Assam $6250 a kilo
  details

File AvailableChilvers, B. 1990 Rhino's last stand in Africa. REF Journal 3: 12-19, figs. 1-3
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
The present $3 to $6 million per annum market for rhino horn has its roots in earliest Babylonian, Egyptian and Greek cultures. Rhino horn was worth 63 cents per kilogram in the 1840s, $11 in 1950 and $300 in 1978. In 1988, the best horns, weighing between 1 ? and 3 kg, are worth $1000 per kilo ...
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File AvailableVigne, L.; Martin, E.B. 1990 Poachers kill rhino in India by electrocution. Swara 13 (5): 19, fig. 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Singapore
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1989, Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, $15,000 per kilo wholesale. Middlemen were offering poachers in Assam $6250 a kilo
  details

File AvailableMartin, E.B.; Vigne, L. 1990 India: poachers killing rhinos by electrocution. Wildlife Conservation 93 (5): 16, figs. 1-2
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
1989, Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, $15,000 per kilo wholesale. Middlemen were offering poachers in Assam $6250 a kilo
  details

File AvailableThomson, R. 1989 Rhino-horn facts twisted. Personality 1989 April: 5
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa - Southern Africa - Zimbabwe
Value - Related to Horn
African Rhino Species
I captured, moved and re-established some 140 black rhino in Zimbabwe during 24 years in that country's National Park service. My university thesis was on the black rhino. And in 1987 I acted as a consultant to a British film company in Zambia during the filming of a documentary on rhino poachi...
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File AvailableVarisco, D.M. 1989 Beyond rhino horn - wildlife conservation for North Yemen. Oryx 23 (4): 215-219
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
International concern over the alarming decline in the world's rhinoceros populations has focused attention in recent years on the illegal trade in rhino horn to Asia and the Middle East. In eastern Asia, where the horn has long been used in traditional medicines, efforts have been directed at f...
  details

File AvailableCranbrook, Earl of 1987 Riches of the wild: land mammals of South-East Asia. Singapore, Oxford, New York, Oxford University Press, pp. i-vii, 1-95
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
The present predicament of both rhinos in SE Asia is chiefly attributable to the high value attached to their horns, in particular, other bodily organs and even blood.
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File AvailableAnonymous 1987 The Tsavo Rhino Sanctuary, Kenya. International Zoo News 34 (4): 30-31, fig. 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - East Asia - China
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
The powdered horn is said to be a cure for snake-bites, typhoid, headache, carbuncles, boils, fever, vomiting, devil possession, hallucinations, and lack of sexual drive.
  details

File AvailableCumming, D. 1987 Zimbabwe and the conservation of black rhino. Zimbabwe Science News 21 (5/6): 59-62, figs. 1-3
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa
Value - Related to Horn
African Rhino Species
1987, Africa, $850 per kg
  details

File AvailableChoudhury, A. 1987 Railway threat to Kaziranga. Oryx 21 (3): 160-163, figs. 1-5, table 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1984, S E Asia, IRS 100,000 per kg
  details

File AvailableChoudhury, A. 1987 Railway threat to Kaziranga. Oryx 21 (3): 160-163, figs. 1-5, table 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1969, S E Asia, IRS 33,600 per kg
  details

File AvailablePlage, D.; Plage, M. 1985 In the shadow of Krakatau: return of Java's wildlife. National Geographic 167 (6): 750-771, figs. 1-31
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Malaysia - Peninsular
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1985, Malaysia, $50 / gram on street
  details

File AvailablePlage, D.; Plage, M. 1985 In the shadow of Krakatau: return of Java's wildlife. National Geographic 167 (6): 750-771, figs. 1-31
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Indonesia
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
In Indonesia it is prized as a cure for high fever and typhus, and as an anti-poison agent. Asian horn is favoured over African because its smaller size is believed to concentrate medicinal properties.
  details

File AvailableMundy, P.J. 1984 Rhinoceros in South and South West Africa. Proceedings of a Workshop held at Pilanesberg Game Reserve, Bophuthatswana, 15 and 16 February 1984. Johannesburg, Endangered Wildlife Trust, pp. 1-25
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa - Southern Africa - South Africa
Value - Related to Horn
African Rhino Species
1974, S.Africa, The selling price for rhino horn in 1974 was R 28 per kilo
  details

File AvailableMundy, P.J. 1984 Rhinoceros in South and South West Africa. Proceedings of a Workshop held at Pilanesberg Game Reserve, Bophuthatswana, 15 and 16 February 1984. Johannesburg, Endangered Wildlife Trust, pp. 1-25
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - West Asia - Yemen
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
North Yemenis also believe that rhino horn can suck out snake poison.
  details

File AvailableMundy, P.J. 1984 Rhinoceros in South and South West Africa. Proceedings of a Workshop held at Pilanesberg Game Reserve, Bophuthatswana, 15 and 16 February 1984. Johannesburg, Endangered Wildlife Trust, pp. 1-25
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa - Southern Africa - South Africa
Value - Related to Horn
African Rhino Species
1983, S Africa, The selling price for rhino horn in 1974 was R 28 per kilo; in early 1983 this had escalated to R500.
  details

File AvailableMundy, P.J. 1984 Rhinoceros in South and South West Africa. Proceedings of a Workshop held at Pilanesberg Game Reserve, Bophuthatswana, 15 and 16 February 1984. Johannesburg, Endangered Wildlife Trust, pp. 1-25
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1983, India, In India, Indian rhino horn sells for $ 9 000 per kilo, and all the animal is used. Yet rhino conservation has been successful until quite recently
  details

File AvailableBaidya, K.N. 1983 Alarming status of the Great Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis). Environmental Conservation 9 (4): 346-347, figs. 1-2
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
It is believed that, when powdered, rhino horn has high aphrodisiac potential, and so it is much valued by some--particularly mongoloid-groups of Asiatic peoples (Gee, 1964), while North Yemeni tribesmen take pride in carrying daggers with decorative handles made of rhino horn (World Wildlife Fun...
  details

File AvailableEdroma, E.L. 1982 White rhino extinct in Uganda. Oryx 16 (4): 352-355, map 1, table 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa - Eastern Africa
Value - Related to Horn
African Rhino Species
1982, E.Africa, Rhino horn US$700 per kg
  details

File AvailableVeevers-Carter, W. 1979 Land mammals of Indonesia. Jakarta, PT Intermasa
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Indonesia
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
The horn is believed to have medicinal qualities, and many rhinos have been killed for the horn alone, although there is no proof of its effectiveness.
  details

File AvailableBanks, E. 1978 Mammals from Borneo. Brunei Museum Journal 4 (2): 165-227, pls. 1-14
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Borneo
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
For a long time the animals were of no value at all, Kayans and Kenyahs carved the Rhino horns into knife handles and sword hilts, there are several specimens in the Sarawak Museum. From about 1918 onwards the horns became very profitable in the export trade to China for medicine and this made t...
  details

File AvailableMonks, E. 1977 Now rhino is on the way out in Kenya. Africana 6 (7): 21
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa - Eastern Africa - Kenya
Value - Related to Horn
African Rhino Species
1976, Kenya, Rhino horn Shs. 900 per kg
  details

File AvailableMonks, E. 1977 Now rhino is on the way out in Kenya. Africana 6 (7): 21
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa - Eastern Africa - Kenya
Value - Related to Horn
African Rhino Species
1975, Kenya, Rhino horn Shs. 233 per kg.
  details

File AvailableMishra, H.R.; Mierow, D. 1976 Wild animals of Nepal. Kathmandu, Ratna Pustak Bhandar, pp. i-viii, 1-84
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - Nepal
Value - Related to Horn
Indian Rhino
Superstitions have caused the demand for rhinoceros horn for religious worship, medicines and aphrodisiacs.
  details

File AvailableMacNamara, M.C. 1975 Great Indian rhinoceros, Rhinoceros unicornis. Animal Kingdom 1975 (6): 1, fig. 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - East Asia - China
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1975, China, In China, powdered horn commands prices comparable to those of illicit drugs in the United States. 1n 1965 it sold there for no less than $1,125 per kilogram (about 2.2 pounds).
  details

File AvailableLahan, P.; Sonowal, R.N. 1973 Kaziranga Wild Life Sanctuary, Assam: a brief description and report on the census of large animals (March 1972). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 70 (2): 245-278, tables 1-6
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1973, India, IRS 10.000 per kg on government auction
  details

File AvailableLahan, P.; Sonowal, R.N. 1973 Kaziranga Wild Life Sanctuary, Assam: a brief description and report on the census of large animals (March 1972). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 70 (2): 245-278, tables 1-6
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1973, Kaziranga, During 1973 census one rhino horn weighing 1.139 kg was receovered, which has a value of about IRS 11,000
  details

File AvailableMacNeely, J.A.; Cronin, E.W. 1972 Rhinos in Thailand. Oryx 11 (6): 457-460, fig. 1, map 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Thailand
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
The horn is used for everything from painkiller to easing childbirth, but the most popular use is as an aphrodisiac among elderly Chinese men.
  details

File AvailableMacNeely, J.A.; Cronin, E.W. 1972 Rhinos in Thailand. Oryx 11 (6): 457-460, fig. 1, map 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Thailand
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1972, Thailand, Every part of the rhino has value today: teeth, $25 each; dried blood $75/kg; fresh blood $65/kg; bone $6.50/kg, skin $12.50/kg), but the horn is the most valuable, with the Bangkok price about $60 per ounce.
  details

File AvailableDas, B.N. 1969 The role, management and economic function of a national park with special reference to Kaziranga. Indian Forester 95: 785-791, map 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1969, India, Highest price at departement auction IRS 9151/kg
  details

File AvailableAnonymous 1969 Love may be the death of the Indian rhino. Life Magazine 66 (5), 7 February 1969: 66-69, figs. 1-5
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1969, India, Poachers can get $1200 or more for a single horn
  details

File AvailableMedway, Lord; Balasingam, E. 1968 Status of conservation in Malaya: pp. 462-466

In: Talbot, L.M. et al. Conservation in Tropical South East Asia. Gland, IUCN Publications: N.S. vol. 10
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Malaysia - Peninsular
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
Both species of rhinoceros are believed by both the Malays and Chinese to be a 'miracle animal' and that all parts of the animals have some medicinal value to cure all kinds of illness. It is believed that scrapings made into a brew and taken will cure cancer and other diseases.
  details

File AvailableMedway, Lord; Balasingam, E. 1968 Status of conservation in Malaya: pp. 462-466

In: Talbot, L.M. et al. Conservation in Tropical South East Asia. Gland, IUCN Publications: N.S. vol. 10
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Malaysia - Peninsular
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1968, Malaysia, M$ 350 per ounce
  details

File AvailableMacKie, R. 1965 The company of animals. Sydney, London, Melbourne, Angus and Robertson, pp. i-ix, 1-225
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Malaysia - Peninsular
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1935, Malaya, small horn fetched about ? 100
  details

File AvailableMacKie, R. 1965 The company of animals. Sydney, London, Melbourne, Angus and Robertson, pp. i-ix, 1-225
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Malaysia - Peninsular
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
Rhino parts are mixed with herbs to make medicine. Horn is used as aphrodisiac and as antidote against poisons.
  details

File AvailableMacKie, R. 1965 The company of animals. Sydney, London, Melbourne, Angus and Robertson, pp. i-ix, 1-225
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Myanmar (Burma)
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1960, Burma, rhino horn sold at US$200 per inch, a 7 inch horn sold at $1600
  details

File AvailableBruton, R. 1963 The rhinos of South-East Asia. Conservation News 1963 August: 5-10, figs. 1-6, maps 1-2
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Thailand
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
Today the rhino horn and many other parts of the body, including the feces and urine, are sold at extremely high prices as cures for various ailments. The powdered rhino horn is especially prized as a care for male sterility and for rejuvenation. There is no doubt that these superstitions are e...
  details

File AvailableBruton, R. 1963 The rhinos of South-East Asia. Conservation News 1963 August: 5-10, figs. 1-6, maps 1-2
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - India
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
In Asia today, the parts of the rhino are used mainly for 'medical' purposes, though in India there seems to be some spiritual significance.
  details

File AvailableDavis, D.D. 1962 Mammals of the lowland rain-forest of North Borneo. Bulletin of the Singapore National Museum 31: 1-129, pls. 1-23, figs. 1-20
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Borneo
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
Borneo. The horns of this animal are greatly prized by the Chinese for medicinal purposes, and the rhino has been greatly persecuted to supply the market with these.
  details

File AvailableAlfred, E.R. 1961 Imitation rhino horns. Malayan Nature Journal 15 (1/2): 39-40, pls. 18-19
Location:
Subject:
Species:
World
Value - Related to Horn
All Rhino Species
Working in Raffles Museum, Singapore - fake horn cups. The existence of faked rhinoceros horns which have been confused as genuine ones, has been pointed out by Hooijer (1959) who described a specimen from Djakarta that was made from the horn of an ordinary water buffalo, Bubalus bubalis (Linn.)...
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File AvailableSkafte, H. 1961 A contribution to the preservation of the Sumatran rhinoceros. Acta Tropica 18: 168-176, figs. 1-6
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Indonesia - Sumatra
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
Sumatra. The Chinese harbour an old superstition that a certain powder, made of the skin and horn of the rhino, has powerful aphrodisiac properties.
  details

Lithgow, T. 1961 Rhinos in danger: facing extinction in Crater Highlands. Wild Life, Nairobi 2 (4): 6-8
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa - Eastern Africa - Tanzania
Value - Related to Horn
African Rhino Species
1960, Tanzania, one pound of horn is ?10
  details

File AvailableAli, S.A.; Santapau, H. 1959 Present status of the two-horned rhinoceros, Didermocerus sumatrensis (Fischer) in the Shwe-U-Daung Reserve, Burma. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 56 (3): 625
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Myanmar (Burma)
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1959, Myanmar, from 500 kyats ($105) to 1000 kyats ($210) per inch
  details

File AvailableMedway, Lord 1959 Rhinoceros' and pigs' teeth as Niah charms?. Sarawak Museum Journal 8: 637-638, fig. 1
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Borneo
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
1959, Borneo, The 'dragon' teeth identified by Professor von Koenigswald (above) from Chinese pharmacies in Sarawak are quite expensive medicine. In Kuching they are sold by weight at $2.50 a tahil (4s. 4 ? d. an ounce); by comparison dried frogs and centipedes cost 5 cents each, and sea horses ...
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File AvailableGee, E.P. 1959 Report on a survey of the rhinoceros areas of Nepal, March and April 1959. Oryx 5 (2): 53-85, pls. 1-13, maps 1-3
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - Nepal
Value - Related to Horn
Indian Rhino
No details available yet
  details

File AvailableGee, E.P. 1959 The Great Indian rhinoceros (R. unicornis) in Nepal: Report of a fact-finding survey, April-May 1959. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 56 (3): 484-510, pls. 1-3, maps 1-3
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South Asia - Nepal
Value - Related to Horn
Indian Rhino
1959, Nepal, IRS 3134 indian currency ( 235) was paid to a poacher for a horn obtained in the Reu Valley
  details

File AvailableHarrisson, T. 1955 Borneo fauna anxieties. Oryx 3 (3): 134-137
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Borneo
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
The rhino has been hunted to near extinction in Borneo mainly for its horn, hooves and other appendages, which are highly valued by the Chinese as alleged aphrodisiacs.
  details

File AvailableReynolds, E.A.P. 1954 Burma rhino. Burmese Forester 4 (2): 104-108
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Myanmar (Burma)
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
nevertheless, it would appear that it is not illegal for persons to be in possession of rhinoceros blood for medicinal purposes, and this affords an unfortunate loophole in the Law. There is a wide-spread belief in the aphrodisiac properties of rhinoceros horn, and the tonic properties of rhinoc...
  details

File AvailableTun Yin, U 1954 A note on the position of rhinoceros in the Union of Burma (1953). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 52 (1): 83-87
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Asia - South East Asia - Myanmar (Burma)
Value - Related to Horn
Asian Rhino Species
Burma. The Kachins believe that the posterior horn alone is efficacious, the anterior horn is only a protection to the posterior one and no value to Kachins.
  details

File AvailableMacKenzie, P.Z. 1953 Rhino traps and rhino horns. Sudan Wildlife and Sport 3 (1): 5-6
Location:
Subject:
Species:
Africa - Eastern Africa - Sudan
Value - Related to Horn
African Rhino Species
The horns are made into clubs. Small pieces of horn are sometimes made into finger rings and ornaments to hang as bead necklaces. It is not used as a medicine, but shavings of the horn are sometimes put into stale native beer, if a visitor arrives unexpectedly, as it makes the beer bubble and '...
  details