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Martin, E.B.; Hillman Smith, K., 1999. Entrepots for rhino horn in Khartoum and Cairo threaten Garamba's white rhino population. Pachyderm 27: 76-85, figs. 1-2, photo 1-8, table 1

Location: Africa - Eastern Africa - Sudan
Subject: Value - Related to Horn
Species: African Rhino Species

Original text on this topic:
In Omdurman in Sudan. some of the horns were crafted into items such as boxes, cups, walking stick handles and rings (lan Parker. pers. comm., 1997) and sold to Sudanese people.
Besides the three raw horns seen, two rhino horn by-products were offered for sale in Omdurman/ Khartoum in late 1997: finger rings and powder (from ground up horn). There were four very thin rings seen, weighing less than 10 grams each. They had been crafted in Omdurman probably over 20 years ago, according to the shopkeepers. One souvenir store in Omdurman had three of the rings for $17 each, and a shop in Khartoum offered the other ring for $23. Curiously, both shopkeepers wore rhino horn rings as well. The store in Omdurman also sold rhino horn powder for $0.37 a gram. The main customers for this are northern Sudanese who mix the powder with water, which they drink to cure snakebite poisoning.

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