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Sanisidro, O.; Cantalapiedra, J.L., 2022. The Rhinocerotidae fossil record in the Iberian Peninsula. Historical Biology 34 (8): [10.1080/08912963.2022.2051502]

Location: Europe - Southern Europe
Subject: Distribution - Records
Species: Fossil

Original text on this topic:
The family Rhinocerotidae, also referred to as ‘true rhinoceroses’, is one of the multiple perissodactyl lineages that have independently evolved large body sizes, lophodonty (fully developed crests between dental cusps), a simplified anterior dentition, and the molarization of the premolars. During the last decades, descriptions of novel fossil collections, the update of previously published ones, and taxonomic reviews through cladistic analyses have brought to bear a new, comprehensive perspective on the group, significantly increasing its recorded deep-time diversity. This paper reviews the historical development of the study of Rhinocerotidae in the Iberian Peninsula, provides an up-to-date compendium of the regional rhinoceros fossil record by gathering the available references, and presents an updated taxonomic framework. As a result, 27 out of the more than 200 rhinoceros species described in the literature worldwide inhabited the Iberian Peninsula, regionally ranging from the Oligocene to the Late Pleistocene. Their systematics, stratigraphic, and geographical ranges are detailed in the present article and the occurrences and geographical ranges illustrated.

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