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Dang Vu, H.N.; Nielsen, M.R., 2020. Evidence or delusion: a critique of contemporary rhino horn demand reduction strategies. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 2020: 1-11 -

Location: World
Subject: Conservation
Species: All Rhino Species

Original text on this topic:
Considerable effort has been devoted to reducing rhinoceros (i.e.,
rhino) horn demand by changing consumer behavior. Implementing
organizations often claim that their campaigns are based on reliable
insights into rhino horn demand and that there is no scientific support
for any medicinal effects of rhino horn. In this opinion piece, we
evaluate the scientific evidence supporting this claim and discuss
how campaigns using a delusive and paternalistic approach may backfire.
As the use of rhino horn in traditional medicine has a thousandyear history, it is unlikely that such deeply entrenched beliefs will be swayed by a one-sided representation of the limited scientific evidence evaluating its efficacy. Difficulties in interviewing rhino horn consumers have further contributed to lacking information about their values and characteristics. We call for more scientific evidence and a more culturally nuanced approach to rhino horn demand reduction campaigns.

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