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Cranbrook, Earl of; Payne, J.; Leh, C.M.U., 2007. Origin of elephants Elephas maximus L. of Borneo. Sarawak Museum Journal 63 (no.84 new series): 95-125

Location: Asia - South East Asia - Borneo
Subject: History
Species: All Rhino Species

Original text on this topic:
Conclusion on p.111:
In our view, on present evidence, the conclusion that the population of north-eastern Borneo consists of remnant survivors of the extinct Javan elephant - implausible though it may seem at first - is the more likely. If correct, this ancestry does not detract from the significance of the elephant population now found wild (or feral) in the rainforests of Borneo. On the contrary, such a conclusion adds to their conservation significance. If proven, this fascinating story would demonstrate that very small populations of large mammals can be saved from the brink of extinction, despite concerns over inbreeding, by the simple expedient of moving a few individuals, from a seemingly doomed population, to a different and safer habitat.

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