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Schaffer, N.E.; Beehler, B.A., 1988. Overview of procedures and results of semen collection from ambulatory rhinoceroses. Proceedings of the AAZPA Annual Conference 1988: 273-279, tables 1-5

Location: World
Subject: Reproduction - Management methods
Species: All Rhino Species

Original text on this topic:
Rectal massage in the rhinoceros involves massaging the accessory glands just inside the anus. Rectal massage alone was also ineffective in producing seminal fluids from the rhinoceroses of this report. However, when rectal massage was followed with penile massage, seminal fluids were acquired from one white and one Indian rhinoceros. In addition, with this combination of methods, ejaculates with higher sperm concentrations were obtained from one Indian rhinoceros. These concentrations were significantly higher than penile massage alone. Rectal massage may be useful in rhinoceroses before performing any semen collection procedure.

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