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Blasdel, T.L.; Goen, T.; Olsen, T.S.; Connors, J.H.; Farne, L.A.; Flanagan, J.P.; Densmore, M.A.; Loskutoff, N.L.; Capp, J.; Fuller, D.; Kraemer, D.C., 1991. Captive management of the white rhinoceros for reproductive studies (Abstract). Applied Animal Behavior Science 29: 514

Location: World
Subject: Reproduction - Management methods
Species: All Rhino Species

Original text on this topic:
More intensive management practices at the Houston Zoological Gardens have made possible the adaptation of artificial reproduction techniques to a pair of southern white rhinoceroses. Both animals have been trained to enter a chute for blood collection, rectal palpation, external massage and olfactory stimulation. Regular collection of urine and nasal mucus samples for steroid evaluation and vaginal smears for cytological examination provide a further basis for monitoring ovarian activity in the female. Daily behavioral observations are correlated with other parameters in order to establish the normal reproductive cycle. The ultimate goal is successful artificial insemination of the white rhinoceros.

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