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Radcliffe, R.W.; Bommarito, M.P.; Osofsky, S.A., 1996. Ultrasonography as a tool in the conservation of the African rhinoceros: ex situ and in situ applications. Pachyderm 21: 55-59, figs. 1-6

Location: Captive - North America
Subject: Captivity - Zoo Records
Species: Black Rhino

Original text on this topic:
An approximately 12-year-old female southern black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis minor) was captured in Zimbabwe, held in a boma for several months, and then transferred to the Fossil Rim Wildlife Center in Texas, USA, in April 1992. On arrival at Fossil Rim, she was aggressive in nature and remained apprehensive in the presence of humans. In January 1995, a full-time caretaker began intensive conditioning of the rhino to allow hands-on examinations in the hope of eventually performing transrectal, ultrasound evaluations without sedation. The conditioning process involved exposing the female to long hours of human contact along with visual, tactile and auditory stimuli, including the intermittent playing of a radio to add background noise to her normal environment.

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