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Adcock, K., 1994. The relevance of 'territorial' behaviour in black rhino to their population management: pp. 82-86, fig. 1, table 1

In: Penzhorn, B.L. et al. Proceedings of a symposium on rhinos as game ranch animals. Onderstepoort, Republic of South Africa, 9-10 September 1994: pp. i-iv, 1-242

Location: Africa - Southern Africa - South Africa
Subject: Translocation - Methods
Species: Black Rhino

Original text on this topic:
Territory/home range implications - Diceros bicornis. Territorial behaviour is an issue during the introduction of rhino into established populations. In the initial phase of introduction of rhino to a reserve, all rhino are equally disoriented; dominance patterns are not yet established; and there is plenty of space for all. In Pilanesberg, for example, the initial introduction of 19 animals took 3 years, and no animals were lost until 4 years after this. (Some of the later male arrivals did get pushed around a bit, though, and social disruption does occur with later arrivals).
Rhino introduced into areas where the first-phase animals are well established, are at great risk of injury and death. Young males stand little chance of survival (as happened in Pilanesberg, Andries Vosloo), and even females can be killed because they are unknown to the established rhino (as happened in Andries Vosloo).
Special precautions should be taken, such as temporarily fencing in the new rhino until they settle down; and or boma'ing the rhino for a while and spreading their dung in their new area to familiarize their scent with established rhino, and make them feel 'at home' on their release.

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