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Emslie, R.H.; Goodman, P.S., 1989. Towards a black rhinoceros Diceros bicornis translocation strategy to meet the aims of the conservation plan for the species in South Africa and the TBVC states (abstract). Koedoe 32 (2): 81-82

Location: Africa
Subject: Management
Species: Black Rhino

Original text on this topic:
Black rhinoceros Dfceros bicomis (Linnaeus, 1758) population growth must be maximised to meet the goals of the South African conservation plan for the species. Translocation forms the key to achieving increased growth, and this paper outlines a suggested translocation strategy to meet the goals of the conservation plan. Improved data on population size, age and sex structure are prerequisites for scientific management Changes in the annual rate of population increase, after the effects of rainfall and birth-lag effects have been statistically removed, will provide the best indicator of when animals should be moved. We propose that in the absence of heavy poaching, captive breeding should only be considered in South Africa for orphaned animals, injured animals with little chance of survival in the wild, and treated injured animals whose condition deteriorates after being re-released into the wild. Removals in future should be more selective for age class.
Animals younger than six years old are the prime animals for translocation. The use of a microlight aircraft to search for specific animals may reduce capture costs in future. Re-establishing populations should be given preference until the desired number of founders have been introduced. Only then should new populations be established. If the principles of the conservation plan are adopted, new populations will only need to be founded in about six years.

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