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Owen-Smith, G., 1984. Notes

In: Mundy, P.J. Rhinoceros in South and South West Africa. Proceedings of a Workshop held at Pilanesberg Game Reserve, Bophuthatswana, 15 and 16 February 1984. Johannesburg, Endangered Wildlife Trust: pp. 1-25

Location: Africa - Southern Africa - Namibia
Subject: Distribution - Records
Species: Black Rhino

Original text on this topic:
In times gone by, black rhinos occurred throughout the country. By 1970, they had been exterminated south of the Ugab River; some remained in Etosha. Then, it is estimated that Kaokoland held between 40 and more than 120 rhinos (but estimates were surely under-estimates?), and a minimum of 100 in Damaraland. By 1982, only about five survived in Kaokoland (none confirmed in Marienfluss), and 40 to 45 in the concession zone of Damaraland and six on the farmland (outside of the red line). There has been individual identification of rhinos in Damaraland, and so far there are 40 known animals in the concession zone. Most known home ranges seem to be small.

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