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Hall-Martin, A.; Knight, M.H., 1994. Conservation and management of black rhinoceros in South African national parks: pp. 11-19, figs. 1-2, tables 1-2

In: Penzhorn, B.L. et al. Proceedings of a symposium on rhinos as game ranch animals. Onderstepoort, Republic of South Africa, 9-10 September 1994: pp. i-iv, 1-242

Location: Africa - Southern Africa - South Africa
Subject: Distribution - Records
Species: Black Rhino

Original text on this topic:
Two black rhino subspecies, the south-western ecotype D. b. bicornis and the southern ecotype D. b. minor, historically occurred in South Africa. (Fig. 1). The former subspecies was exterminated from the country by 1853, only to survive in relatively small isolated populations in Namibia where through the efforts of conservation authorities and non-government organisations the subspecies has been saved. The southern ecotype was similarly shot out throughout most of its range in South Africa, except for in the Hluhluwe-Umfolozi and Mkuzi areas of Zululand, where the work of earlier game authorities, later taken on by the Natal Parks Board, saved these small remaining populations.

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