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Pienaar, D.J., 1994. Social organization and behaviour of the white rhinoceros: pp. 87-92, tables 1-2

In: Penzhorn, B.L. et al. Proceedings of a symposium on rhinos as game ranch animals. Onderstepoort, Republic of South Africa, 9-10 September 1994: pp. i-iv, 1-242

Location: Africa - Southern Africa - South Africa
Subject: Ecology - Population
Species: White Rhino

Original text on this topic:
In the southern KNP 1415 white rhinos were counted in 1993 for a mean density of 0.4 per km? . In the high-density study areas white rhino densities were about 1,4 per km? (1900 kg/ km?). In the Umfolozi Game Reserve mean white rhino density was 3.2 per km? (4300 kg/ km?) with local densities as high as 5,7 animals per km?, equivalent to a biomass of about 7 600 kg/ km?
The size of the founder population is also an important factor when establishing new populations, with larger founder populations being more successful. If one introduced 10 white rhino on a 20 km? game farm with suitable habitat, this would generate a density of 0,5 rhino per km?. A suitable sex and age structure for such an introduced population would be: 2 adult males, 3 adult females and their 3 calves, one subadult male and one subadult female.

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