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Hall-Martin, A.; Knight, M.H., 1994. Conservation and management of black rhinoceros in South African national parks: pp. 11-19, figs. 1-2, tables 1-2

In: Penzhorn, B.L. et al. Proceedings of a symposium on rhinos as game ranch animals. Onderstepoort, Republic of South Africa, 9-10 September 1994: pp. i-iv, 1-242

Location: Africa - Southern Africa - South Africa
Subject: Distribution - Records
Species: Black Rhino

Original text on this topic:
Thus, the initial founding population of 12 animals (plus a further two added later) brought in from Etosha was subdivided between two satellite parks, Augrabies and Vaalbos, with a plan to interchange individuals, particularly breeding males, once the first generation reached breeding age.
The population has increased at a rate of 5 % per annum to reach a total of 20 animals. Although one unsuccessful exchange between the two parks has been done, five unrelated individuals from both parks have been used to establish a third population in the Karoo National Park in the last two years (Fig. 2). The incorporation of the later park makes the possibility of increasing the maximum founder population (MFP) for the three parks to about 20 animals, thus maximizing their reproductive potential.

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