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Meijaard, E., 1996. The Sumatran rhinoceros in Kalimantan, Indonesia: its possible distribution and conservation prospects. Pachyderm 21: 15-23, map 1

Location: Asia - South East Asia - Borneo
Subject: Distribution - Records
Species: Sumatran Rhino

Original text on this topic:
The results of the survey indicate that the present rhino population is probably concentrated in and around the 1.6 million hectares of the Kayan-Mentarang Reserve in East-Kalimantan. Inside the Reserve there are probably two important areas:
1 ) the headwaters of the S. Bahau in the G. Latuk (1850m) and Bkt. Kalung (1724m) areas.
2) the Bkt.Tikung (1804m) range in the upper reaches of the Kat, Iwan and Punjungan Rivers. The forest is relatively undisturbed, but `geharu' collectors are active in the area, which implies a potential threat to the population as these are often the people who track down the rhinos.
The Kayan-Mentarang Nature Reserve is currently the focus of a WWF community-based management project to review existing boundaries. The long, thin shape of the Reserve and its huge size make it impossible to manage, even if staff were to be sent into the field. Within the Reserve boundaries are numerous old settlements and `ladang' lands. MacKinnon (1988) further stated that `the Kayan-Mentarang Reserve adjoins Pulong Tau in Sarawak and the Maliau basin in Sabah. The adjacent Maliau basin is still known to have a small resident population of rhinos, as does the adjoining Baram basin in Sarawak'. Up until now the WWF project has not investigated the presence of rhinos in the Reserve.

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