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Lindeque, M.; Erb, K.P., 1995. Research on the effects of temporary horn removal on black rhinos in Namibia. Pachyderm 20: 27-30, table 1

Location: Africa - Southern Africa - Namibia
Subject: Distribution - Records
Species: Black Rhino

Original text on this topic:
In July 1993, Berger and Cunningham (1993) concluded in an unpublished progress report to the Namibian Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MET) that three black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) calves had died in the only part of their study area in the Kunene region of Namibia where rhinos were dehorned and where large predators occurred. They claimed that two black rhino calves born in 1992 could not be found in 1993, nor could they find a third calf, never seen, but which was assumed to have been born to a dehorned female which had a swollen udder. All three alleged calf deaths were attributed to predation by spotted hyaenas and lions.
Berger & Cunningham (1994a) contrasted calf survival in three areas (known as SR, DC and NVF) of hyperarid broken terrain in the Kunene region of Namibia, previously known as Damaraland. Two areas larger than 1000 km? (SR and DC) each contained fewer than 10 rhinos which had all been dehorned once since 1989 (See Table). Large predators allegedly occurred only in area SR and in the third region where no rhinos were dehorned (NVF).

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